Brief Reports on China-FAO South-South Cooperation(2018(6))(No.244 in total)

DATE: 2018-12-20 SOURCE:FECC VIEWS:

Foreign Economic Cooperation Center, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs of China
September 29, 2018

Contents

The expert group responsible for DRC projects is working on the production in dry season.

I. Taking progressive measures to prevent food insecurity at an early stage.
II. Strengthening the technological guidance for the implementation of the ongoing projects.

I. Taking progressive measures to prevent food insecurity at an early stage.

The expert group in charge of the South-South Cooperation Project were not idle despite the dry season on the Katanga Plateau of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) between August and September. With the support from the FAO Office in Lubumbashi, the expert group and local partners spent more than a month journeying nearly 5,000 kilometers to surrounding villages and communities for in-depth field researches of planting sites, and managed to jointly make arrangements with local managers and farmers for extending the planting technology of food crops in the new rainy season.

       

     
Members of the expert group enter villages (communities) to selected demonstration sites of growing food crop.

Through consolidating the interaction with the partner Huayou Cobalt’s Modern Agriculture Demonstration Park, the expert group has formulated for the cultivation of food crops in the new rainy season a demonstration plan, which is to select 3 villages (communities) around Lubumbashi as demonstration sites to plant 5 food crops (i.e., rice, upland rice, millet, corn, and soybean), each of which will cover an area of about 1 hectare. This plan, based on the experience gained from previous experiments, will expand the scale of cultivation, improve technology, and further explore better ways to increase local agricultural production capacity and food security.


To support the smooth implementation of the plan, Mr. Zhang Shengguan, General-Manager of Huayou Demonstration Park, personally visited the demonstration sites and promised to provide rice, upland rice, millet seeds and production materials. The plan was fully acknowledged by the representatives from FAO DRC and the Director-General of the Agriculture Department of Upper Katanga Province, DRC, all of whom hoped that the expert group would select more villages (communities) to spread the influence.

II. Strengthening the technological guidance for the implementation of the ongoing projects.

Since the beginning of the dry season, the cooperation projects by the expert group in the surrounding areas have reaped fruit.

Zhou Weigang, an expert from the group, instructed the cultivation of soybean at Matafu Village.

Zhu Wangze, an expert from the group, instructed the cultivation of soybean at Bunkeya Village.

a. The team specializing in dry farming
This team strengthened the management of the soybean growth stage in the 3 project sites/villages (i.e., Bunkeya, Matafu and Lwambo). So far, soybean has entered the seed-filling stage, during which its general growth is pleasing as its pod and fruit are swollen and a small percentage of the leaves grow yellow (string leaves), and the overall growth is good. All the soybeans are expected to be completely harvested with the yield of 2.5 tons/ha before the onset of the rainy season.


b. The team working on vegetables
This team strengthened technical guidance on planting cabbage, pepper, eggplant, tomatoes and garlic at 3 project sites/villages (i.e., Kashamata, Matafu and Likasi). With the help of experts, villagers have been able to complete such production operations as raising ridges, transplanting seedlings, applying fertilizer and irrigating. The villagers were very happy to see that the vegetables planted by themselves were growing well. “China’s brought us very good technology! We hope to grow more vegetables and make more money,” said the villagers on many occasions to Chen Qihua, one of the Chinese technicians.

Mr. Zhang Shenggua, General-Manager of Huayou Demonstration Park, proposed contract farming.

Chen Qihua, an expert from the group, instructed the cultivation of vegetables at Kashamata Village.

c. The team working on aquaculture
Given that the local areas did not have the fish culture cages popularized by this team, the team members worked as “tailors” and wove into cages the small pieces of nets purchased by FAO. Weaving cages was an enormous workload. It took one half a month (12 hours per day) to complete a cage. To finish the work earlier, expert Zou Deliang and technician Shi Menglong fell ill due to overwork and lack of rest, but they continued to work and managed to complete the weaving of 4 fish cages and 1 seedling fish cage, and welded and painted 3 sets of auxiliary floating barrels.

     

Instruction at Jakarandn Fishery                                   Professors Zou Deliang and Shi Menglong cooperated with a partner to weave fish culture cages.

Later, they joined Mr. Makila, their partner, to Mukoma and Mwema, 2 fish hatcheries and agreed on the specifications and quantity of Nile tilapia’s fry which would be released before long. Moreover, this team also introduced such training materials as Development of Modern Fishery, Production of Fish Cage, Fish Cage Culture, Pocket Pond Breeding of Tilapia and Disease Control and Fish in accordance with the FAO’s requirement for project implementation going hand in hand with related training. Therefore, targeted auxiliary training will begin when the fry is released.

In addition, this team was invited to Jakaranda, a local fishery, to provide counseling service of aquaculture technology on September 13. The team helped Jakaranda to develop a technology plan of aquaculture and sent it aquaculture manual and self-produced pellet fish feed.